Foot Facts: Main Causes of Foot Injury
More than 3-5% of all emergency visits in the hospital setting are attributed to acute ankle sprains(1). This corresponds to roughly 5,000 to 6,000 Emergency Room visits due to ankle sprains per day in the US!
The most frequently reported foot and ankle injuries(2) are:
- Ankle sprains (49%);
- Ankle fractures (25%);
- Contusions (17%);
- Plantar fasciitis (4%);
- Dislocation of ankle or associated joints (2%);
- Injuries of major tendons (2%); and,
- Bursitis (1%).
Some other causes of increase risk of foot and ankle injuries include: chronic metabolic or medical conditions; prolonged steroid abuse; sedentary lifestyle; and, accidental injuries.
If you have a foot injury, what’s the best way to treat it? Cold therapy (like ice) or heatt therapy (like a warm salt water bath)?
- Doherty, C., Delahunt, E., Caulfield, B., Hertel, J., Ryan, J., & Bleakley, C. (2014). The incidence and prevalence of ankle sprain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective epidemiological studies. Sports medicine, 44(1), 123-140.
- Luciano, A. D. P., & Lara, L. C. R. (2012). Epidemiological study of foot and ankle injuries in recreational sports. Acta ortopedica brasileira, 20(6), 339-342.
Janet D. Pearl, MD, MSc is the Medical Director of The Center for Morton’s Neuroma and Complete Spine and Pain Care, an interventional and integrated Pain Management program located in Framingham, Massachusetts. Previously, Dr. Pearl was the Co-Director of the Pain Management Center at St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center, where she was also the Director of the Fellowship program. She is the former Director of a satellite pain center of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Pain Management Center, located at the HealthSouth Braintree Rehabilitation Hospital. Dr. Pearl held academic appointments at Harvard Medical School and Tufts Medical School. She serves on the Health Care Services Board of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Industrial Accidents since 2000 as one of its physician representatives and is Chair of the Committee on Pain Management.